A sustainable garden is one that benefits the surrounding environment rather than harming it.
Sustainable gardening involves low-impact practices and makes use of resources in an eco-friendly way.
As climate change takes its toll on the earth, sustainable gardening is becoming more and more important.
As well as benefitting the surrounding ecosystem, sustainable gardening costs less and results in less waste.
Here are seven sustainable gardening tips for beginners.
1. Use less water
Water is a precious and sometimes scarce resource, and conserving it is a key part of sustainable gardening.
Instead of using water from the tap for your garden, install a water butt to collect rainwater.
You could even try xeriscaping – a method of gardening that involves planting drought-tolerant perennials and shrubs to reduce the need for watering.
2. Grow your own food
Growing your own vegetables, fruits and herbs is a great way to lead a more sustainable lifestyle. It’s an opportunity to be adventurous and grow unusual flavours at the same time as saving money.
Fruits and vegetables generally like sunny, sheltered spots best, and healthy soil is a must.
The Royal Horticultural Society provides some excellent advice on growing a huge range of fruits and vegetables.
If all goes to plan, you’ll end up with a cracking harvest of delicious, fresh fruits and vegetables.
3. Keep it organic
Chemicals can be harmful to the earth, and using fewer of them is not only more ecologically sound – it’s more cost effective too.
If you’re using your garden to grow food, going organic is especially important. Whilst the chemicals commonly used in gardens aren’t dangerous, research has shown that organic food is linked to better health.
A successful organic garden starts with healthy soil, so fill yours with nutrients by adding natural compost.
4. Get composting
Home composting is the most environmentally friendly way to get rid of your garden and kitchen waste.
Getting the right balance of materials will help to feed the micro-organisms that produce the compost.
Aim for 25-50% soft green material, like grass clippings, vegetable waste and annual weeds. The remainder should be woody brown material, like wood chippings and prunings.
The resulting compost will be full of nutrients and the perfect way to nourish and improve your soil.
5. Choose native plants
Native plants are those that are indigenous to the region they’re grown in.
Natives are suited to our climate, rainfall and soil types, and therefore require less water, fertiliser and care.
They also provide shelter and food to our native insects, birds and other wildlife.
6. Mulch it up
Mulching is a great way to conserve soil moisture and prevent those pesky weeds from invading.
All sorts of materials can be used for mulch. Try grass clippings, shredded bark, pine needles or newspaper.
Add a 2-3 inch layer of mulch to your garden beds and around the bases of plants.
7. Save your seeds
Collect dried seedheads from annual flowers when they go to seed at the end of the season.
Store them in a dry place over winter, and the following spring they’ll be ready to plant.
We hope our sustainable gardening tips get you off to a flying start. If the trees in your garden could do with some care and attention, get in touch with us today for expert tree surgery advice.